between April and May. Let us see how Kharif crops differ from Rabi Crops! The crops across India are grown mainly in 2 crop seasons – Kharif and Rabi. Some of the important Rabi crops are wheat, barley, rapeseed, peas, gram, and mustard. It is the major occupation in the rural areas. The rabi crops are cultivated in the dry season so timely irrigation is required to grow these crops. In an agricultural year (July-June), the Directorate of Economics & Statistics (DES), Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture releases four Advance Estimates followed by Final Estimates of production of major agricultural crops of the country. Rice, maize and cotton are some of the major kharif crops in India. Their seeds are sown at the beginning of the winter season and crop is harvest at the end of the winter season or in the spring season. Fibers and Fiber Crops. Months – Rabi Crop Months – October-March (Winter) Kharif Crop Months – July – October ( July –October ) – South-West Monsoon. Rabi crops refers to agricultural crops sown in winter and harvested in the summer season. Required fields are marked *. Rabi crops are the crops that are sown at the end of monsoon or at the beginning of winter season, e.g. The terms ‘kharif’ and ‘rabi’ originate from Arabic language where Kharif means autumn and Rabi means spring. Gurabini, Gujarat State Seeds Coroporation Limited,gujarat rajya bij nigam … The Rabi crop is the spring harvest (also known as the "winter crop") in Indian subcontinent. Cereals (7) - paddy, wheat, barley, jowar, bajra, maize and ragi; Pulses (5) - gram, arhar/tur, moong, urad and lentil; Your email address will not be published. The sowing of the rabi crops begins at the beginning of the Winter They are harvested by March or April Examples - Wheat, Oat, Gram,Pea, Mustard, Almond, Broccoli,Linseed Summer Crops (Zaid Crops) KHARIF CROPS-----1. © Copyright 2011-2018 www.javatpoint.com. Rabi sowing satisfactory so far during COVID-19, acreage up 4 pc: Govt 27 Nov, 2020, 07.52 PM IST. For instance, Jowar, Bajra, Maize, Sugarcane, Cotton, Pulses, etc., are such plants that grow in the rainy season and so-known as Kharif crops.On the contrary, Oats, Wheat, Gram, Barley, etc., are such plants that grow in the winter season and so-termed as Rabi crops. The timing and quantity of rainwater are the two important factors that decide the output of Kharif crops. The Rabi means, when the crop is harvested and crops that are grown in the winter season, from November to April are called Rabi Crops. Kharif season begins with first rains of the monsoon season. The rabi crops include wheat, barley, oats (cereals), chickpea/gram (pulses), linseed, mustard (oilseeds) etc. Kharif crops are the crops which are sown at the beginning of the rainy season, e.g. /* 468x60, created 1/25/09 */ The kharif crops include rice, maize, sorghum, pearl millet/bajra, finger millet/ragi (cereals), arhar (pulses), soyabean, groundnut(oilseeds), cotton etc. Their seeds are sown at the beginning of the monsoon season and the crops are harvested at the end of the monsoon season. Also the timing interval between the rains. The main seasonal plants are divided into two broad categories, e.g. Common names are arranged alphabetically. The area sown to wheat, the main winter crop, has increased marginally to 151.58 lakh hectare till November 27 of the rabi season in 2020-21 crop year (July-June), as against 150.49 lakh hectare a year ago. kharif definition: 1. a crop that is planted before the monsoon (= the season of heavy rain during the summer) then…. Developed by JavaTpoint. Data are tabulated on the 20 most important weeds, their associations with crops and seasons, and control … Mail us on hr@javatpoint.com, to get more information about given services. Some of the key differences between Kharif and Rabi crops are as follows: RABI – RS – S comes immediately after R in the alphabetically order – So, S is for Summer. Kharif season Rabi season Crop Area Area (Lakh ha) Crop (Lakh ha) 1 Northern Telangana Zone Rice 3.700 Rice 2.670 Cotton 5.850 Maize 0.850 Soybean 1.660 Jowar 0.170 Maize 1.210 Bengal gram 0.390 Redgram 0.507 Green gram 0.064 Greengram 0.240 Sesame 0.130 Turmeric 0.340 Groundnut 0.117 -- -- Sunflower 0.086 Sub-Total 9.460 4.830 2 Central Telangana Zone Rice 3.670 Rice 1.500 Cotton 5.190 … But the Kharif season, 6 Rabi crops and their control S monsoon March June... Season, e.g climate for the growth of crops, vegetables, fruits and pulses of Kharif crops in. 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