With him were the five battle cruisers of the 1st and 2nd Battle Cruiser Squadrons—the Lion (Beatty’s flagship), the Tiger, Princess Royal, New Zealand, and the Indomitable—along with the four light cruisers of the 1st Light Cruiser Squadron under Commodore William Goodenough aboard the Southampton. Omissions? The action continued, running to the southeast, and about 9:45 am the Seydlitz was seriously damaged when a 13.5-inch (343-mm) shell, probably from the Lion, penetrated the ammunition works between the ship’s rear turrets and set off an explosion below deck. With a calm sea and a breeze from the north-east, Zoutman manoeuvred his line onto a port tack, heading south-east by east, and awaited Parker, who held the weather gage. The raid on the civilian population of three small towns did little to enhance Germany’s war position and only served to strengthen the resolve of the British people. Fewer casualties were suffered, for example, in the battle of the Chesapeake, fought a month later between fleets more than twice as large. The British, correctly predicting this choice of route, formed into a long line out at sea and steamed westward to meet the German cruisers as they headed eastward. The Golden Twinkee Is Served. The Southampton had barely gotten under way when the Aurora was sighted, as were German battle cruisers on the port bow to the southeast a few minutes later. They planned to navigate between two large minefields off the coast, separated by a gap opposite Whitby and Scarborough. Surprisingly, the Dutch ships did not fire as the British approached until the two fleets were about half a musket shot apart. [7]:48 Zoutman, whose ships had been interspersed with the merchantmen, signalled his line to form in between Parker and the convoy. Both sides were reluctant to sacrifice their ships, but the admirals were itching for a fight nonetheless. The remaining ships called off their chase, thinking that Beatty’s signal had been an order to attack the doomed Blücher, which sank shortly after noon. Tobias Philbin's Battle of Dogger Bank provides a keen analytical description of the battle and its … Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. It seemed that a collision would be inevitable, but morning mists, which are by no means unusual in the North Sea in December, intervened. The Battle of Dogger Bank was fought January 24, 1915, during WWI . In order to accomplish this, the British began blockading the Dutch coast to monitor and intercept any significant attempts to send shipping into or out of Dutch ports, and began to protect merchant shipping convoys with armed vessels. awwwww. Battle of Dogger Bank Battle of Dogger Bank In December 1914 Admiral Franz von Hipper and the First High Seas Fleet bombarded the costal towns of Scarborough, Hartlepool and Whitby. This was a badly conducted battle on the British part which resulted in the German armoured cruiser SMS Blücher being sunk and HMS Lion being badly damaged. The Battle of Dogger Bank was a naval conflict between Britain and Germany during World War I. [7]:48 When Parker raised the battle flag shortly before 08:00, for close action, the British fleet moved closer. It was a bloody encounter between a British squadron under Vice Admiral Sir Hyde Parker and a Dutch squadron under Vice Admiral Johan Zoutman, both of which were escorting convoys. The struggling Blücher slowed and dropped out of line, and just after 10:30 am a shell penetrated the ship’s ammunition passage, igniting cartridges and damaging the boiler. It was a crisp winter morning with a calm sea and good visibility. It was fought near Dogger Bank in the North Sea on January 24, 1915. Just before 9:00 am, the British opened fire at 20,000 yards (18 km), a greater range than had ever been tried before, and they soon succeeded in scoring hits on the Blücher. [7]:50, Casualties on both sides were high, considering the number of ships involved. On this day in history, August 5, 1781, the Battle of Dogger Bank sees a major battle between British and Dutch ships during the American Revolution. The Battle of Dogger Bank took place in the first months of the war when both the High Seas Fleet and the Grand Fleet were growing stronger as the pre-war programs of 1912 and 1913 were coming to fruition; the British had added a pair of dreadnoughts taken over from Turkey for what was to be a … Battle of Dogger Bank: The First Dreadnought Engagement, January 1915 - Ebook written by Tobias R. Philbin. There were no submarines in the area, but of course Beatty did not know this at the time. It's odd what one will notice in the heat of battle, Captain Theodor mused. Battle of Dogger Bank… A series of mistaken identifications and misunderstood signals, made in the thick mist, kept the main squadrons apart, and Hipper’s force was able to escape. Beatty’s appearance had come on Hipper as a surprise, and Hipper, finding himself faced by the enemy in such strength, turned around and made back toward the Helgoland Bight with utmost speed. [7]:49 Around mid-morning, the Dutch merchantmen moved away from the action and headed back to Texel. The battle occurred on the North Sea by Dogger Bank and it involved the German High Seas Fleet and the British Grand Fleet. The German light cruiser screen managed to slip across the shallow patch on the Dogger Bank where battle cruisers could not venture. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Corrections? WWI Document Archive > 1915 Documents > Battle of Dogger Bank. Five battle cruisers and four light cruisers under the command of Rear Adm. Franz von Hipper approached close to the British coast, while the British, acting on reconnaissance reports, mustered four squadrons to intercept them in the open sea to the east. At 11:32, Tiger scored a second hit on Derfflinger, inflicting another 50 casualties. Beatty hoisted flags ordering his squadrons to close on the German ships with all haste, but the smoke of the battle prevented the message from getting through. The Battle of Dogger Bank was a fairly straight stern chase until the incorrect periscope sighting. [1] At least one convoy did make it to the Baltic, but it flew under the Swedish flag and was accompanied by a Swedish frigate.[10]. If you find our videos helpful you can support us by buying something from amazon. However strategically the battle was a British victory as the Dutch fleet retreated to Texel and did not leave harbour again during the war; in addition Dutch merchant trade remained crippled thanks to constant capture of their merchantmen by British privateers. Vice Adm. Sir David Beatty sailed from the Firth of Forth to intercept Hipper’s fleet. The Battle of the Dogger Bank, presents two adversaries who did, and yet did not want to battle each other. Beatty reached the rendezvous at 7:00 am on January 24. At 9:00 pm that night, the 3rd Battle Squadron of seven King Edwards-class pre-dreadnought battleships sortied from Rosyth, and Adm. Sir John Jellicoe put to sea with the main battle fleet from Scapa Flow. https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Dogger_Bank_(1915) The Dutch crews were inexperienced as they had not seen any significant action due to the British blockade. In the end the battle was inconclusive for both … It was fought near Dogger Bank, off the northeastern coast of England in the North Sea, on January 24, 1915. It had hardly been identified when the flash of guns was seen to the south-southeast. At 11:35, Parker gave the signal to reform his line as the ships had become unmanageable. Close action ensued, lasting for three hours and 40 minutes. There he would rendezvous with a Harwich-based force of three light cruisers and 35 destroyers under the command of Commodore Reginald Tyrwhitt from Harwich. The Battle of Dogger Bank. The battle cruisers were in single line with Goodenough’s light cruisers 2 miles (3.2 km) off the port bow. The opening months of World War I saw the Royal Navy quickly assert its dominance around the world. On 24 January 1915 the first clash of battle cruisers took place off the Dogger Bank, in the middle of the North Sea. It was a bloody encounter between a British squadron under Vice Admiral Sir Hyde Parker and a Dutch squadron under Vice Admiral Johan Zoutman, both of which were escorting convoys. The result was a British victory, and the German navy delayed further significant action against the British fleet for more than a year. [5] The result of this inaction was the collapse of their economically important trade. Almost one year after his victory over a Dutch squadron in … The previous battle in the First World War is the Battle of the Falkland Islands The next battle in the First World War is Gallipoli Campaign: Part I the Naval Attack on the Dardanelles. Beatty took up the chase, and his three fastest ships (the Lion, the Tiger, and Princess Royal) were soon able to catch Hipper’s cruisers (the Seydlitz, the Moltke, the Derfflinger, and the Blücher). The Lion’s speed was reduced to 15 knots (17 miles [28 km] per hour), and it fell out of formation, its wireless smashed and its signaling system rendered almost useless. [7]:46 In spite of this, Berwick and Parker's flagship Fortitude, both 74 guns, were both relatively new and in good shape. I was hoping for the other glorious battle at Dogger Bank where the russian 2nd pacific Squadron fought valiantly against an overwhelming japanese torpedo boat force. [9], Both sides claimed victory, although it was a tactical draw given that no ships were lost on either side (with the exception of the Holland) and both convoys escaped. The 'gripping yarn' approach provides an insight into the mind-set of the publishers, if not a totally reliable description of what happened. Precursors to the Battle Battle of Dogger Bank, 24 January 1915 - Second significant naval battle of the First World War, the first time heavy units of the British and German fleets came into direct contact. Two ships were told to change places, which led to a mistake and placed the Dolphin against one of the largest Dutch ships and the Bienfaisant without an opponent. The battle area, Dogger Bank, is a 160 mile by 60 mile shallow area of the North Sea to the East of England where a landmass bridging Great Britain to mainland Europe once existed. Admiral Sir Hyde Parker was accompanying a convoy of ships from the Baltic when he spotted the sails of the Dutch fleet at 04:00 on the morning of 5 August. It is well illustrated and includes ten maps, reproduced from the British and German Official histories of the fighting in the North Sea. The Battle of Dogger Bank was a naval battle that took place on 5 August 1781 during the Fourth Anglo-Dutch War, contemporaneously related to the American Revolutionary War, in the North Sea. The ships had had no time to practise the normal fleet manoeuvres. As for myself, I am now too old for the service". Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Battle of Dogger Bank: The First Dreadnought Engagement, January 1915. Beatty transferred his flag to the Princess Royal, but further pursuit of the German battle cruiser squadron was hopeless. It ended in a British victory. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. The Battle of Dogger Bank was fought January 24, 1915, during World War I (1914-1918). Both sides were reluctant to sacrifice their ships, but the admirals were itching for a fight nonetheless. At the sound of the guns, Beatty ordered the light cruisers south. While Dutch losses from the battle were well documented,[8] naval historian William Laird Clowes noted that certain unconfirmed reports suggested that the Dutch casualties were actually much higher, possibly reaching 1100 killed and wounded. The British reported their losses at 104 killed and 339 wounded, while the Dutch reported their losses at 142 killed and 403 wounded. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). …January 24, 1915, in the Battle of the Dogger Bank, the German cruiser Blücher was sunk and two...…, …Helgoland Bight (August 28, 1914), Dogger Bank (January 24, 1915), and Jutland itself.…, …action was known as the Battle of the Dogger Bank.…. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Battle_of_Dogger_Bank_(1781)&oldid=1000082079, Naval battles involving the Dutch Republic, Naval battles of the Fourth Anglo-Dutch War, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 13:48. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. Battle of Dogger Bank, (17 June 1696).The Battle of Dogger Bank was a naval encounter between a French force, under the command of the famous privateer, Jean Bart, and a squadron of Dutch ships acting as escort to a convoy of more than one hundred merchant vessels.The battle was part of the ongoing War of the League of Augsburg.. The Battle of Dogger Bank (1915) was one of the most legendary naval battles that occurred during the Great War. Jellicoe and the main battle fleet met Beatty in the late afternoon, and the Lion was towed to port at the Forth. In the end the battle was inconclusive for both … By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Taking to the offensive soon after the beginning of hostilities, British forces won the Battle of Heligoland Bight in late August. The captions below are in the original. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. Nevertheless, it was a large enough setback for the Germans that they would refrain for more than a year from attempting to reengage the British fleet. The opening months of World War I saw the Royal Navy quickly assert its dominance around the world. [4] The opening of hostilities with the Dutch meant that Britain's trade with countries on the Baltic Sea—where key supplies of lumber for naval construction were purchased—was potentially at risk, and that the British had to increase protection of their shipping in the North Sea. Parker on his return considered that he had not been properly equipped for his task, and on arrival at the Nore, met King George III, telling him: "I wish Your Majesty better ships and younger officers. The battle took place at a small, uninhabited star system dubbed DGR-19003 in Gilpin County, with the Renegade 1214th and 3099th Battleship Groups facing the might of the TOG Navy.. On 1 August 1781, Admiral Johan Zoutman led a fleet of some 70 merchantmen from the Texel, protected by seven ships of the line as well as a number of frigates and smaller armed vessels. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. In December 1780, Great Britain declared war on the Dutch Republic, drawing it militarily into the American War of Independence. Some ships were in such poor condition that the number of guns available to fire was reduced from its normal complement. The Belle Poule came upon her, and her colours, which was kept flying, was captured and gifted to Parker as a spoil of war. The ships of Parker's fleet were not in the best of condition, since great demands were placed on the Royal Navy by the demands of the war, and all manner of ships were pressed into service, or did not receive necessary maintenance. Dense clouds of smoke poured from their funnels, as the ships were evidently raising steam for full speed. [2] The heavily damaged Holland slowly sank due to damage sustained during the battle after its conclusion. The Battle of the Dogger Bank, presents two adversaries who did, and yet did not want to battle each other. Philbin’s writing style can be trying at times. 65 relations. Unusually, the story of the Battle of the Dogger Bank gives a significant amount of credit to the heroism of the German sailors. His fleet dropped to leeward and manoeuvered to reform their line of battle. The forward cruisers of the German fleet reached the British coast on December 16, bombarded Hartlepool, Whitby, and Scarborough and then turned and made for home. Shortly after 0700 Aurora, sighted a cruiser in the SE Dogger Bank area, believed her to be Arethusa and challenged, then opened fire on the German Kolberg at 0715 from 8,000yds: Aurora, Arethusa-class, 4,400t, 2-6in/6-4in/4-21in tt, leader 1st DF Harwich Force. Although the Germans had lost the Blücher, the Seydlitz managed to reach port safely and was returned to service. The Baltic and North seas and the English Channel. The light cruiser Aurora, some 15 miles (24 km) behind Tyrwhitt, had met and engaged the German light cruiser Kolberg and forced it to retire. Battle: Dogger Bank Date of the Battle of the Dogger Bank: 24 th January 1915. To the First World War index. It was then approximately 7:50 am. The sandy bottom is only under 50 to 120 feet of water, and the area is … The near loss of the Seydlitz taught the Germans an important lesson about the vulnerability of below-deck magazines, and the German navy immediately took steps to better secure these areas and to improve ammunition handling. The British considered the battle a victory; but the Germans had learned important lessons and they would be better prepared for the next encounter with the British fleet at Jutand. 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